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PEAR PHP Extension and Application Repository

Getting the manager

The PHP Extension and Application Repository, or PEAR, is a framework and distribution system for PHP code components.

The command line installer is the easiest way to install PEAR packages on your system: It connects to the PEAR package server via a simple HTTP connection, loads the package on your system and installs it to the desired location.

Fully-automatic installation

Using the command line installer is pretty straightforward and easy to use. Simply run the following line on your shell:

    $ pear install <package>

<package> has to be replaced with the name of the package you want to install (e.g. HTTP_Upload).

If the wanted package has not reached a stable release yet, you can force the installation by adding a "-beta" or "-alpha" suffix, depending on the current state of the package:

   $ pear install <package>-beta

There are also other options to install a beta or alpha package, using the "-f" switch to force the installation, or setting the preferred_state to beta. Any of the following commands will do:

   $ pear config-set preferred_state beta
   $ pear install <package>
   $ pear config-set preferred_state stable

   $ pear -d preferred_state=beta install <package>

   $ pear install -f <package>

Semi-automatic installation

If you have downloaded a package release from as a gzipped tar archive, you can also install it locally. To do this, run the following line on your shell:

   $ pear install <file>.tgz

This command will automatically install the package and does not require an online connection. <file>.tgz has to be replaced with the name of the downloaded file.

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Page last modified on January 29, 2007, at 05:21 AM