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WorkingWithDpkgCommand

  • package maintenance system for Debian

This package contains the low-level commands for handling the installation and removal of packages on your system. In order to unpack and build Debian source packages you will need to install the developers' package `dpkg-dev' as well as this one.

shibu@shibu-laptop:~$ dpkg --help

  • Usage:
  dpkg -i|--install      <.deb file name> ... | -R|--recursive <dir> ...
  dpkg --unpack          <.deb file name> ... | -R|--recursive <dir> ...
  dpkg -A|--record-avail <.deb file name> ... | -R|--recursive <dir> ...
  dpkg --configure              <package name> ... | -a|--pending
  dpkg -r|--remove | -P|--purge <package name> ... | -a|--pending
  dpkg --get-selections [<pattern> ...]    get list of selections to stdout
  dpkg --set-selections                    set package selections from stdin
  dpkg --update-avail <Packages-file>      replace available packages info
  dpkg --merge-avail <Packages-file>       merge with info from file
  dpkg --clear-avail                       erase existing available info
  dpkg --forget-old-unavail                forget uninstalled unavailable pkgs
  dpkg -s|--status <package-name> ...      display package status details
  dpkg -p|--print-avail <package-name> ... display available version details
  dpkg -L|--listfiles <package-name> ...   list files `owned' by package(s)
  dpkg -l|--list [<pattern> ...]           list packages concisely
  dpkg -S|--search <pattern> ...           find package(s) owning file(s)
  dpkg -C|--audit                          check for broken package(s)
  dpkg --print-architecture                print dpkg architecture
  dpkg --compare-versions <a> <rel> <b>    compare version numbers - see below
  dpkg --help | --version                  show this help / version number
  dpkg --force-help | -Dh|--debug=help     help on forcing resp. debugging
  dpkg --licence                           print copyright licensing terms

  Use dpkg -b|--build|-c|--contents|-e|--control|-I|--info|-f|--field|
  -x|--extract|-X|--vextract|--fsys-tarfile  on archives (type dpkg-deb --help.)

  For internal use: dpkg --assert-support-predepends | --predep-package |
  --assert-working-epoch | --assert-long-filenames | --assert-multi-conrep
  • Options:
  --admindir=<directory>     Use <directory> instead of /var/lib/dpkg
  --root=<directory>         Install on alternative system rooted elsewhere
  --instdir=<directory>      Change inst'n root without changing admin dir
  -O|--selected-only         Skip packages not selected for install/upgrade
  -E|--skip-same-version     Skip packages whose same version is installed
  -G|--refuse-downgrade      Skip packages with earlier version than installed
  -B|--auto-deconfigure      Install even if it would break some other package
  --no-debsig                Do no try to verify package signatures
  --no-act|--dry-run|--simulate
                             Just say what we would do - don't do it
  -D|--debug=<octal>         Enable debugging - see -Dhelp or --debug=help
  --status-fd <n>            Send status change updates to file descriptor <n>
  --log=<filename>           Log status changes and actions to <filename>
  --ignore-depends=<package>,... Ignore dependencies involving <package>
  --force-...                    Override problems - see --force-help
  --no-force-...|--refuse-...    Stop when problems encountered
  --abort-after <n>              Abort after encountering <n> errors
  • Comparison operators for --compare-versions are:
    lt le eq ne ge gt (treat empty version as earlier than any version); lt-nl le-nl ge-nl gt-nl (treat empty version as later than any version); < << <= = >= >> > (only for compatibility with control file syntax).
  • Use `dselect' or `aptitude' for user-friendly package management.
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Page last modified on December 27, 2006, at 07:22 AM