Recent Changes - Search:

Softwares

.

LearningIPTABLESAndFindingIPWhois

This file is the Kernel sysctl configuration file for Red Hat Linux.

	4)Restart network service...../etc/init.d/network restart 
	5)start up iptables...../etc/init.d/iptables start 
	6) See if the modules for iptables are loaded or not, using the following command.. 
	#lsmod |grep ip 
	See../etc/modules.conf 
	To insert a rule ... (-A) Append, delete (-D), replace (-R) or insert (-I), -L (list rules)

Policies by default.

	iptables -P INPUT ACCEPT 
	iptables -P OUTPUT DROP 
	iptables -P FORWARD DROP 

accept all incoming ssh traffic

	iptables -A -INPUT -p tcp -m tcp -s 0/0 --dport 22 -j ACCEPT 

accept incoming ssh traffic from user Shibu

	iptables -A -INPUT -p tcp -m tcp -s 192.168.0.8 --dport 22 -j ACCEPT 
	 -A appends the rule to the firewall rule set 
	 -p represents protocol (which can be tcp, udp and icmp) 
	 -s signifies the source address, where 0/0 stands for any host, a specific host IP address 

can be used (as in the example above), or a network segment can be denoted, such as 10.0.1.0/24.

	--dport points to the destination port; 
	-j selects the target ACCEPT or DROP. 

manage ftp port traffic

        iptables -A -INPUT-p tcp -m tcp --dport 21 -j ACCEPT 

My webmin port

iptables -A -INPUT-p tcp -m tcp --dport 42009 -j ACCEPT

SNMP monitoring

iptables -A -INPUT-p udp -m udp --dport 161 -j ACCEPT iptables -A -INPUT-p udp -m udp --sport 1023:2999 -j ACCEPT

POP mail

	iptables -A -INPUT-p tcp -m tcp --dport 110 -j ACCEPT --syn 

HTTPS

	iptables -A -INPUT-p tcp -m tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT --syn 

SMTP Traffic

	iptables -A -INPUT-p tcp -m tcp --dport 25 -j ACCEPT --syn 

HTTP

	iptables -A -INPUT-p tcp -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT --syn 

Urchin

	iptables -A -INPUT-p tcp -m tcp --dport 9999 -j ACCEPT --syn 

MySQL database server

	iptables -A -INPUT-p tcp -m tcp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT --syn 
	iptables -A L-INPUT-p udp -m udp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT 

IMAP mail services

	iptables -A-INPUT-p tcp -m tcp --dport 143 -j ACCEPT --syn 

DNS

	iptables -A -INPUT-p tcp -m tcp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT --syn 
	iptables -A -INPUT-p udp -m udp --dport 53 -j ACCEPT 
	iptables -A -INPUT-p udp -m udp -s 0/0 -d 0/0 --sport 53 -j ACCEPT 

Localhost traffic

	iptables -A -INPUT-i lo -j ACCEPT 

	-m (for matching) option in iptables 

Drop all other new requests

	iptables -A -INPUT -p tcp -m tcp -j REJECT --syn 
	iptables -A -INPUT -p udp -m udp -j REJECT 

SYN Flood Protection

	iptables -A -INPUT ?p tcp --syn -m limit --limit 5/second -j ACCEPT 

Block host Access, Block malicious user

	iptables -A -INPUT -p tcp -m tcp -s 192.168.0.8 -j DROP 

Checking Firewall Logs

Option 1 logging of drop/reject

	iptables -A -INPUT -j LOG --log-level alert 

Option 2 logging grep of log file

	iptables -A -INPUT -j LOG --log-prefix "Dropped: " 

IP whois

whois 210.548.48.23@whois.arin.net

use the above command to query the arin ip database

Edit - History - Print - Recent Changes - Search
Page last modified on July 12, 2006, at 02:38 PM